Miranda v. Arizona: Alleged Boston Bomber Has Rights

theintolerableacts.org

The Constitution doesn’t include a “Bill of Privileges” that Congress, the President, or law enforcement can suspend or deny based on the whims of men.

According to the “supreme Law of the Land,” the United States Constitution, We the People are presumed innocent until proven guilty. For nearly 50 years, law enforcement have been required to read a person in custody their 5th Amendment Rights.

The alleged Boston Marathon bomber, according to numerous news reports, is a naturalized U.S. Citizen. His citizenship isn’t the issue when it comes to the protections of the Constitution and Bill of Rights on U.S. soil. It only becomes an issue when considering the magnitude of charges against him. As a citizen, Article III, Section 3, regarding treason, might be the appropriate charge.

If convicted as a murderer, he may face the death penalty. Overzealous media queried the police and district attorney at the press conference after his capture if they planned to seek the death penalty. So much for being innocent until proven guilty.

It is hard to imagine how he will receive a fair trial considering the media circus and hysteria surrounding the manhunt.

Obviously, whoever committed the heinous attacks at the Boston Marathon deserve justice, and the harshest of penalties should be considered if found guilty. That doesn’t mean the accused has no rights. It doesn’t mean that he can be denied counsel during questioning. It doesn’t mean, simply because we “think” he’s the crazed killer that his rights have been forfeited.

Before getting too excited about taking Senator Lindsey Graham Vader’s advice, and denying anyone Miranda, read why being read your 5th Amendment rights prior to questioning/interrogation by police is called “Miranda.”

When any person is denied their rights under the Constitution, we all lose. We are all less safe.  – PatriotWatchdog

384 U.S. 436

Miranda v. Arizona (No. 759)

Argued: February 28-March 1, 1966

Decided: June 13, 1966 [*]

98 Ariz. 18, 401 P.2d 721; 15 N.Y.2d 970, 207 N.E.2d 527; 16 N.Y.2d 614, 209 N.E.2d 110; 342 F.2d 684, reversed; 62 Cal.2d 571, 400 P.2d 97, affirmed.

Syllabus

In each of these cases, the defendant, while in police custody, was questioned by police officers, detectives, or a prosecuting attorney in a room in which he was cut off from the outside world. None of the defendants was given a full and effective warning of his rights at the outset of the interrogation process. In all four cases, the questioning elicited oral admissions, and, in three of them, signed statements as well, which were admitted at their trials. All defendants were convicted, and all convictions, except in No. 584, were affirmed on appeal.

Held:

1. The prosecution may not use statements, whether exculpatory or inculpatory, stemming from questioning initiated by law enforcement officers after a person has been taken into custody or otherwise deprived of his freedom of action in any significant way, unless it demonstrates the use of procedural safeguards effective to secure the Fifth Amendment’s privilege against self-incrimination. Pp. 444-491.

(a) The atmosphere and environment of incommunicado interrogation as it exists today is inherently intimidating, and works to undermine the privilege against self-incrimination. Unless adequate preventive measures are taken to dispel the compulsion inherent in custodial surroundings, no statement obtained from the defendant can truly be the product of his free choice. Pp. 445-458.

(b) The privilege against self-incrimination, which has had a long and expansive historical development, is the essential mainstay of our adversary system, and guarantees to the individual the “right to remain silent unless he chooses to speak in the unfettered exercise of his own will,” during a period of custodial interrogation [p437] as well as in the courts or during the course of other official investigations. Pp. 458-465.

(c) The decision in Escobedo v. Illinois, 378 U.S. 478, stressed the need for protective devices to make the process of police interrogation conform to the dictates of the privilege. Pp. 465-466.

(d) In the absence of other effective measures, the following procedures to safeguard the Fifth Amendment privilege must be observed: the person in custody must, prior to interrogation, be clearly informed that he has the right to remain silent, and that anything he says will be used against him in court; he must be clearly informed that he has the right to consult with a lawyer and to have the lawyer with him during interrogation, and that, if he is indigent, a lawyer will be appointed to represent him. Pp. 467-473.

(e) If the individual indicates, prior to or during questioning, that he wishes to remain silent, the interrogation must cease; if he states that he wants an attorney, the questioning must cease until an attorney is present. Pp. 473-474.

(f) Where an interrogation is conducted without the presence of an attorney and a statement is taken, a heavy burden rests on the Government to demonstrate that the defendant knowingly and intelligently waived his right to counsel. P. 475.

(g) Where the individual answers some questions during in-custody interrogation, he has not waived his privilege, and may invoke his right to remain silent thereafter. Pp. 475-476.

(h) The warnings required and the waiver needed are, in the absence of a fully effective equivalent, prerequisites to the admissibility of any statement, inculpatory or exculpatory, made by a defendant. Pp. 476-477.

2. The limitations on the interrogation process required for the protection of the individual’s constitutional rights should not cause an undue interference with a proper system of law enforcement, as demonstrated by the procedures of the FBI and the safeguards afforded in other jurisdictions. Pp. 479-491.

3. In each of these cases, the statements were obtained under circumstances that did not meet constitutional standards for protection of the privilege against self-incrimination. Pp. 491-499.

[p439]

[The entire text of this case may be found here.]

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s